Skip to main content

Damask Upgrade

This document provides an overview of the changes for the Damask Mainnet upgrade.

caution

The Damask upgrade on Mainnet is scheduled at epoch 13402 which will happen around Apr 11, 2022 at 8:30 UTC.

Major Features

All features for the Damask upgrade are implemented as part of Oasis Core 22.1.x release series which is a consensus protocol-breaking release.

Summary of the major features is as follows:

  • Random Beacon: The random beacon is used by the consensus layer for ParaTime committee elections and is a critical component in providing security for ParaTimes with an open admission policy. To make the random beacon more performant and scalable, the upgrade transitions the election procedure to one that is based on cryptographic sortition of Verifiable Random Function (VRF) outputs. For more details, see ADR 0010.

  • On-Chain Governance: The upgrade simplifies the governance by replacing separate quorum and threshold parameters with a single unified stake threshold parameter that represents the percentage of yes votes in terms of total voting power for a governance proposal to pass.

  • ParaTime Performance: By simplifying the protocol (executor and storage committees are merged into a single committee) the upgrade improves ParaTime committee performance and opens the way for even more improvements on the ParaTime side. It also leads to simplified configuration of ParaTime nodes.

  • ParaTime Upgrades: After the Damask upgrade, runtime descriptors will include information regarding supported versions, and the epoch from which they are valid, which will allow ParaTime upgrades to happen without incurring downtime by having upgrades and the descriptor changes pre-staged well in advance of the upgrade epoch. For more details, see ADR 0013.

  • ParaTime Packaging: This upgrade changes runtime bundles to be unified across all supported TEE types and self describing so that configuring ParaTimes is only a matter of passing in the runtime bundle file.

  • Consensus and ParaTime Communication: The upgrade adds support for incoming runtime messages where consensus layer transactions can trigger actions inside ParaTimes. For more details, see ADR 0011.

    The upgrade also adds support for runtime message results which extends the results of the emitted runtime messages with relevant information beyond indicating whether the message execution was successful or not. For more details, see ADR 0012.

In addition to the specified additional features, we also propose the validator set size to be increased from the current 110 to 120 as discussed in the Oasis Community Slack #nodeoperators channel.

This upgrade marks an important milestone for the Oasis Network, as it sets the foundation for unlocking the network's full capabilities.

Mechanics of the Upgrade

On Mar 24, 2022, the Oasis Protocol Foundation submitted the upgrade governance proposal with id of 2 which proposed upgrading the network at epoch 13402.

tip

In addition to submitting the actual governance proposal to the network, Oasis Protocol Foundation also published the Damask Upgrade Proposal discussion to the Oasis Community Forum on GitHub.

Node operators which had an active validator node in the validator set had 1 week to cast their vote.

Validators representing more than 88% of the total stake in the consensus committee participated in the vote, and 100% of them voted yes for the proposal.

The upgrade will be performed by exporting the network's state at the upgrade epoch, updating the genesis document, upgrading the Oasis Node and the ParaTime binaries and starting a new network from the new genesis file.

This will require coordination between node operators and the Oasis Protocol Foundation. All nodes will need to configure the new genesis file that they can generate or verify independently and reset/archive any existing state from Mainnet.

Once enough nodes (representing 2/3+ of stake) have taken this step, the upgraded network will start.

For the actual steps that node operators need to make on their nodes, see the Upgrade Log.

Proposed State Changes

The following parts of the genesis document will be updated:

caution

This section will be updated with the exact details as we get closer to the upgrade.

info

For a more detailed explanation of the parameters below, see the Genesis Document docs.

General

  • height will be set to the height of the Mainnet state dump + 1, 8048956.

  • genesis_time will be set to2022-04-11T09:30:00Z.

  • chain_id will be set to oasis-3.

  • halt_epoch will be bumped by 10000 (a little more than a year) to 23807.

Registry

  • registry.runtimes list contains the registered runtimes' descriptors. In this upgrade, all runtime descriptors will be migrated from version 2 to version 3.

    The migration will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • registry.runtimes.[id=000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000e2eaa99fc008f87f].deployments.version specifies Emerald ParaTime's version on Mainnet.

    It will be upgraded from version 7.1.0 to 8.2.0 and hence the configuration needs to be manually updated to:

    "version": {
    "major": 8,
    "minor": 2
    },
  • registry.runtimes.[id=000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000e199119c992377cb].deployments specifies Cipher ParaTime's version and TEE identity on Mainnet.

    It will be upgraded from version 1.0.0 to 1.1.0 and hence the configuration needs to be manually updated to:

    "version": {
    "major": 1,
    "minor": 1
    },
    "valid_from": 0,
    "tee": "oWhlbmNsYXZlc4GiaW1yX3NpZ25lclggQCXat+vaH77MTjY3YG4CEhTQ9BxtBCL9N4sqi4iBhFlqbXJfZW5jbGF2ZVggoiJgre0cDF5arUk9wh0X9eGWr5cHb8LY0A3/msmznHc="
  • registry.suspended_runtimes list contains the suspended registered runtimes' descriptors. In this upgrade, all runtime descriptors for suspended runtimes will be migrated from version 2 to version 3.

    The migration will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • Inactive registered entities in registry.entities (and their corresponding nodes in registry.nodes) that don't pass the minimum staking thresholds will be removed.

    The removal will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

Root Hash

  • roothash.params.gas_costs.submit_msg is a new parameter that specifies the cost for a submit message transaction. It will be set to 1000.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • roothash.params.max_in_runtime_messages is a new parameter that specifies the maximum number of incoming messages that can be queued for processing by a runtime. It will be set to 128.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • roothash.runtime_state contains the state roots of the runtimes. Empty fields will be omitted.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

Staking

  • staking.params.thresholds specifies the minimum number of tokens that need to be staked in order for a particular entity or a particular type of node to participate in the network.

    The node-storage key is removed since Oasis Core 22.0+ removes separate storage nodes. For more details, see: Oasis Core #4308.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • staking.params.min_transfer is a new parameter that specifies the minimum number of tokens one can transfer. It will be set to 10,000,000 base units, or 0.01 ROSE tokens.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • staking.params.min_transact_balance is a new parameter that specifies the minimum general balance an account must have to be able to perform transactions on the network. It will be set to 0 base units, meaning this requirement is currently not enforced.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

Committee Scheduler

  • scheduler.params.min_validators is the minimum size of the consensus committee (i.e. the validator set). It will be increased from 15 to 30.

  • scheduler.params.max_validators is the maximum size of the consensus committee (i.e. the validator set). It will be increased from 110 to120.

Random Beacon

The beacon object contains parameters controlling the new improved VRF-based random beacon introduced in the Damask upgrade.

  • beacon.base is the network's starting epoch. It will be set to the epoch of Mainnet's state dump + 1, 13402.

  • beacon.params.backend configures the random beacon backend to use. It will be set to "vrf" indicating that the beacon implementing VRF-based random beacon should be used.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

The beacon.params.vrf_parameters control the behavior of the new VRF-based random beacon:

  • beacon.params.vrf_parameters.alpha_hq_threshold is minimal number of nodes that need to contribute a VRF proof for the beacon's output to be valid. It will be set to 20.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • beacon.params.vrf_parameters.interval is the duration of an epoch. It will be set to 600.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • beacon.params.vrf_parameters.proof_delay is number of blocks since the beginning of an epoch after a node can still submit its VRF proof. It will be set to 400.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • beacon.params.vrf_parameters.gas_costs.vrf_prove specifies the cost for a VRF prove transaction. It will be set to 1000.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

The beacon.params.pvss_parameters control the behavior of the previous random beacon implementing a PVSS scheme.

Since PVSS is no longer supported, all its configuration options are removed as well.

Governance

  • governance.params.stake_threshold is a new parameter specifying the single unified stake threshold representing the percentage of VoteYes votes in terms of total voting power for a governance proposal to pass. It will be set to 68 (i.e. 68%).

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • governance.params.quorum is the minimum percentage of voting power that needs to be cast on a proposal for the result to be valid.

    It will be removed since it is being replaced by the single governance.params.staking_threshold parameter.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

  • governance.params.threshold is the minimum percentage of VoteYes votes in order for a proposal to be accepted.

    It will be removed since it is being replaced by the single governance.params.staking_threshold parameter.

    This will be done automatically with the oasis-node debug fix-genesis command.

Consensus

  • consensus.params.state_checkpoint_interval parameter controls the interval (in blocks) on which state checkpoints should be taken. It will be increased from 10000 to 100000 to improve nodes' performance since computing checkpoints is I/O intensive.

Other

  • extra_data will be set back to the value in the Mainnet genesis file to include the Oasis Network's genesis quote:

    Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?[submitted by Oasis Community Member Daniyar Borangaziyev]:

    "extra_data": {
    "quote": "UXVpcyBjdXN0b2RpZXQgaXBzb3MgY3VzdG9kZXM/IFtzdWJtaXR0ZWQgYnkgT2FzaXMgQ29tbXVuaXR5IE1lbWJlciBEYW5peWFyIEJvcmFuZ2F6aXlldl0="
    }

Launch Support

The Oasis team will be offering live video support during the Damask upgrade. Video call link and calendar details will be shared with node operators via email and Slack.

For any additional support, please reach out via the #nodeoperators Oasis Community Slack channel with your questions, comments, and feedback related to Damask upgrade.

To follow the network, please use one of the many community block explorers.