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Handling Network Upgrades

Changes between the major consensus network versions are backward and forward breaking. You have to always run a specific version of the Oasis Core to fetch and validate the blocks matching the specific consensus network version.

There are two kinds of consensus network upgrades that can occur:

The specific Oasis Core version requirements also impact the way how you initially sync your node with the network:

  • If the last network upgrade was a dump & restore one, then your node will complete the synchronization automatically by fetching and validating all blocks following the state in the genesis document.
  • If the last network upgrade was a seamless one, you will first need to download the older version of the Oasis Core to sync the initial blocks and then sequentially perform seamless upgrade(s).

For example, at time of writing this guide in order to sync your node from scratch on the Testnet network you needed to do the following:

  • Download the genesis document and run Oasis Core 22.0.x which synced blocks from epoch 14209 through (excluding) upgrade epoch 15056.
  • Wait until the node automatically stopped, then upgrade to Oasis Core 22.1.x which synced the blocks from epoch 15056 onwards.

The expected versions of the Oasis Core to sync your node from the latest genesis document on the Mainnet and Testnet are always published on the Network Parameters and Testnet Parameters pages respectively.

Reaching Upgrade Epoch

Once a governance proposal is accepted the node will automatically stop when reaching the upgrade epoch specified in the proposal. The node will write something like this in the log:

{"caller":"mux.go:426","level":"debug","module":"abci-mux","msg":"dispatching halt hooks for upgrade","ts":"2022-05-06T13:11:41.721994647Z"}

and on the error output:

panic: upgrade: reached upgrade epoch

The state of the network at the upgrade epoch height will be automatically exported into a genesis file located in <NODE-DATADIR>/exports/genesis-<CHAIN_ID>-at-<UPGRADE_HEIGHT>.json, where CHAIN_ID is the chain ID of the network and LATEST_HEIGHT is the height of the last consensus block before the upgrade epoch. This command, depending on the size of the state, may take some time to finish.


While waiting for the network upgrade epoch, you can check the current height and epoch by running:

oasis-node control status -a unix:/serverdir/node/internal.sock

and observe the value of the consensus.latest_height and consensus.latest_epoch fields respectively.

Once the upgrade epoch is reached, follow the instructions in the corresponding upgrade log.

Preparing New Genesis File and Wiping State

For dump & restore upgrades, the exported genesis file needs to be patched and verified accordingly. Then, we wipe the existing consensus state including the history of all transactions and let the node reload the state from the genesis file.

Patching Dumped State

First, let's run a built-in helper which migrates and updates parts of the genesis file which changed in the new version of Oasis Core. We will provide the dumped genesis file as the input and write the new version of the genesis file into genesis_dump.json.

oasis-node debug fix-genesis --genesis.file genesis-<CHAIN_ID>-at-<LATEST_HEIGHT>.json --genesis.new_file genesis_dump.json

Other parts of the genesis need to be updated manually, as described in each upgrade's Proposed State Changes section (e.g. Damask upgrade's Proposed State Changes, Cobalt upgrade's Proposed State Changes).

Download and Verify the Provided Genesis File

In addition, download the new genesis file linked in the Network Parameters and save it as /serverdir/etc/genesis.json.

Compare the dumped state with the downloaded genesis file:

diff --unified=3 genesis_dump.json genesis.json

If you obtain the same result, then you have successfully verified the provided genesis file!

Example diff for Mainnet Beta to Mainnet network upgrade

Let's look at what diff returned before performing manual changes to the genesis file for the Mainnet network upgrade:

--- genesis_dump.json    2020-11-16 17:49:46.864554271 +0100
+++ genesis.json 2020-11-16 17:49:40.353496022 +0100
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
"height": 702000,
- "genesis_time": "2020-11-18T13:38:00Z",
- "chain_id": "mainnet-beta-2020-10-01-1601568000",
+ "genesis_time": "2020-11-18T16:00:00Z",
+ "chain_id": "oasis-1",
"epochtime": {
"params": {
"interval": 600
@@ -2506,1563 +2506,1779 @@
"debonding_interval": 336,
"reward_schedule": [
- "until": 3696,
- "scale": "1595"
+ "until": 4842,
+ "scale": "2081"
- "until": 3720,
- "scale": "1594"
+ "until": 4866,
+ "scale": "2080"

... trimmed ...

- "until": 35712,
+ "until": 36882,
"scale": "2"
- "until": 35760,
+ "until": 36930,
"scale": "1"
@@ -4087,7 +4303,6 @@
"transfer": 1000
"min_delegation": "100000000000",
- "disable_transfers": true,
"fee_split_weight_propose": "2",
"fee_split_weight_vote": "1",
"fee_split_weight_next_propose": "1",
@@ -4097,7 +4312,7 @@
"token_symbol": "ROSE",
"token_value_exponent": 9,
"total_supply": "10000000000000000000",
- "common_pool": "1835039672187348312",
+ "common_pool": "2285039672187348312",
"last_block_fees": "0",
"ledger": {
"oasis1qp0l8r2s3076n4xrq8av0uuqegj7z9kq55gu5exy": {
@@ -6419,7 +6634,7 @@
"oasis1qrad7s7nqm4gvyzr8yt2rdk0ref489rn3vn400d6": {
"general": {
- "balance": "1633038701000000000"
+ "balance": "1183038701000000000"
"escrow": {
"active": {
@@ -9862,6 +10077,8 @@
- "halt_epoch": 1440,
- "extra_data": null
+ "halt_epoch": 9940,
+ "extra_data": {
+ "quote": "UXVpcyBjdXN0b2RpZXQgaXBzb3MgY3VzdG9kZXM/IFtzdWJtaXR0ZWQgYnkgT2FzaXMgQ29tbXVuaXR5IE1lbWJlciBEYW5peWFyIEJvcmFuZ2F6aXlldl0="
+ }

We can observe that the provided genesis file mostly updates some particular network parameters. In addition, some ROSE tokens were transferred from an account to the Common Pool. All other things remained unchanged.

Let's break down the diff and explain what has changed.

The following genesis file fields will always change on a network upgrade:

  • chain_id: A unique ID of the network. Mainnet upgrades follow a pattern oasis-1, oasis-2, ...
  • genesis_time: Time from which the genesis file is valid.
  • halt_epoch: The epoch when the node will stop functioning. We set this to intentionally force an upgrade.

The following fields were a particular change in this upgrade:

  • staking.params.reward_schedule: This field describes the staking reward model. It was changed to start at 20% (annualized) and range from 20% to 2% over the first 4 years of the network. For more details, see the Token Metrics and Distribution doc.
  • staking.params.disable_transfers: This field was removed to enable token transfers.
  • staking.common_pool: This field represents the Common Pool. Its balance was increased by 450M ROSE to fund increased staking rewards.
  • staking.ledger.oasis1qrad7s7nqm4gvyzr8yt2rdk0ref489rn3vn400d6: This field corresponds to the Community and Ecosystem Wallet. Its general.balance was reduced by 450M ROSE and transferred to the Common Pool to fund increased staking rewards.
  • extra_data: This field can hold network's extra data, but is currently ignored everywhere. For this upgrade, we changed it back to the value in the Mainnet Beta genesis file to include the Oasis network's genesis quote: Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?[submitted by Oasis Community Member Daniyar Borangaziyev].

The balances in the genesis file are enumerated in base units with 1 ROSE token equaling 10^9 (i.e. billion) base units. For more details, see the Genesis Document.

Wiping State


We do not suggest that you wipe all state. You might lose node identities and keys if you do it this way.

The process is described in the Wiping Node State document.

Updating ParaTimes

If you are running a compute or a client ParaTime node, you will often need to upgrade the ParaTime. The required ParaTime versions are stored in the network registry. The command below queries the registry and extracts the version information for the Paratime 00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000072c8215e60d5bca7:

oasis-node registry runtime list -v -a unix:/serverdir/node/internal.sock \| 
jq 'select(.id=="00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000072c8215e60d5bca7") | .deployments'

At time of writing the Emerald ParaTime on Testnet has the following record:

"version": {
"major": 7,
"minor": 1
"valid_from": 14320
"version": {
"major": 8
"valid_from": 15056

The record above specifies that after epoch 14320, Emerald version 7.1.0 is required and from epoch 15056, Emerald 8.0.0. If you are running a compute node, the installed ParaTime version must match exactly the ParaTime version in the registry! If you are running a client node, ParaTime state syncing will be performed regardless of the version installed.

Oasis node supports configuring multiple versions of ParaTime bundles, for example:

- /path/to/emerald-paratime-7.1.0-testnet.orc
- /path/to/emerald-paratime-8.0.0-testnet.orc

The node will then automatically run the correct version of the ParaTime as specified in the registry.

Start Your Node

This will depend on your process manager. If you don't have a process manager, you should use one. However, to start the node without a process manager you can start the Oasis Node like this:

oasis-node --config /serverdir/etc/config.yml

Clean Up

After you're comfortable with your node deployment, you can remove the old Oasis Core version and the intermediate genesis-<CHAIN_ID>-at-<LATEST_HEIGHT>.json and genesis_dump.json files.