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If you wish to build paratime binaries yourself, you can use the environment provided as part of the SDK. This way you can also verify that the binaries match the ones running on the network.

The steps below show how to build the test runtimes provided in the oasis-sdk sources; steps for other paratimes should be similar.

Environment Setup

The build environment is provided as a Docker image containing all the necessary tools. Refer to your system's documentation for pointers on installing software.

The runtime sources need to be mounted into the container so prepare a directory first, such as:

git clone

Running the Image

The images are available in the oasisprotocol/runtime-builder repository on Docker Hub and are tagged with the same version numbers as releases of the SDK. To pull the image and run a container with it, run the following:

docker run -t -i -v /home/user/oasis-sdk:/src oasisprotocol/runtime-builder:main /bin/bash


  • /home/user/oasis-sdk is the absolute path to the directory containing the SDK sources (or other paratimes - you likely do not need to download the SDK separately if you're building other paratimes), and
  • main is a release of the SDK - the documentation of the paratime you're trying to build should mention the version required.

This gives you a root shell in the container. Rust and Cargo are installed in /cargo, Go in /go, and the sources to your paratime are available in /src.



Simply build the paratime in release mode using:

cargo build --release

The resulting binaries will be in /src/target/release/.

Intel SGX

Follow the normal build procedure for your paratime. For the testing runtimes in the SDK, e.g.:

cd /src
cargo build --release --target x86_64-fortanix-unknown-sgx

After this step is complete, the binaries will be in /src/target/x86_64-fortanix-unknown-sgx/release/.

To produce the sgxs format needed on the Oasis network, change directory to where a particular runtime's Cargo.toml file is and run the following command:

cargo elf2sgxs --release

It is necessary to change directories first because the tool does not currently support cargo workspaces.

The resulting binaries will have the .sgxs extension.

Generating Bundles

Oasis Core since version 22.0 distributes bundles in the Oasis Runtime Container format which is basically a zip archive with some metadata attached. This makes it easier for node operators to configure paratimes. To ease creation of such bundles from built binaries and metadata, you can use the orc tool provided by the SDK.


You can install the orc utility by running:

go install

The same bundle can contain both ELF and Intel SGX artifacts. To create a bundle use the following command:

orc init path/to/elf-binary

When including Intel SGX artifacts you may additionally specify:


All bundles, even Intel SGX ones, are required to include an ELF binary of the paratime. This binary is used for client nodes that don't have SGX support.

orc init path/to/elf-binary --sgx-executable path/to/binary.sgxs --sgx-signature path/to/binary.sig

You can omit the signature initially and add it later by using:

orc sgx-set-sig bundle.orc path/to/binary.sig